T.V. Raman

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Top Stories by T.V. Raman

Since their inception in 1993, HTML forms have come to be the underpinnings of user interaction on the World Wide Web. The convenience afforded by the ability to provide consistent end-user access to information and application services via a universal Web browser created a platform-independent environment for electronic commerce across the Internet. However, building on the essential simplicity of HTML forms has resulted in an extremely complex Web programming model. Today, Web application developers are forced to work at different levels of abstraction to deliver a satisfactory end-user experience. Given the need to perform electronic transactions with a variety of different devices and user-interface modalities, the problems become even more complex. As we deploy Web access to software at all levels of complexity, ranging from business back ends to simple electr... (more)

Versatile Multimodal Solutions

User interaction is about creating an effective man-machine conversation that leads to rapid task completion. With this in mind, we can factor the typical application into the data model that holds the current interaction state, user interface components that render this state, and interaction behavior that is determined by the active event handlers. Today, Web interaction is authored in markup languages like XHTML, with the host document providing the data model and user interface components, and the host browser implementing the DOM2 eventing loop for bringing the Web interact... (more)